Healthy Aging involves good habits like eating healthy, avoiding common medication mistakes, managing health conditions, getting recommended screening and being active.
1) Eating a healthy diet : Good Nutrition and food safety are especially important for older adult because as they grow old, they become more susceptible to food borne inhales /Poisoning. Therefore, one needs to make sure he eats balanced diet.
Food groups in your diet *eat at least 5 portions of a variety of foods and vegetables every day.
Drink plenty of fluid at least 6 to 8 glasses a day. If you are having food and drinks that are high in Fat, salt, sugar, have this less often and in small amount.
Try to choose a variety of foods from the 5 main food groups to get a wild range of nutrients.
2) Avoid common medication mistakes:
Medicines can treat health problems and help you live a long, healthy life. When used incorrectly, medicines can also cause serious health problems. Use these resources to help you make smart choices about the prescription.
Mahatma Ghandhi’s quote on drugs
“it is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver”.
Ghandi believes that modern medicine is the bane of man when used to perpetuate bad habits, unpleasant reactions to food, drink and bad habits are our body’s way of telling us to form better habit but instead we resort to medicine to mask the symptoms and inculcate faith in our body’s own self healing mechanisms.
The Effect of drugs abuse on health
Substance use disorders are associated with a wide range of short and long term health effect.
Side effect of drug Abuse may Include;
A weakened immune system, increasing the risk of illness and infection.
Nausea and abdominal pain, which can also lead to change in appetite and weight loss.
Seizures, stroke, mental confusion, and brain damage.
Problem with memory, attention and decision making which makes daily living more difficult.
Drug Effects On Behavior
*Loss of self control
3) Manage health conditions
It is Important that you work with your health care provider to manage health conditions like diabetes, osteoporosis, and high blood pressure. Learn more about the medicines and device used to treat these common heath problems.
4) Get started
Health screening are an important way to help recognize health problems. Sometimes before you show any signs of symptoms, ask your health care provider about the health screening that isright for you and find out how often you should get screened.
HIV test for screening and Diagnosis
HIV test are very accurate, but no test can detect the virus immediately after infection. How soon a test can detect infection depends upon different factors, including the type of test being used. There are three type of HIV diagnostic test : antibody tests, combination or fourth generation tests and nucleric acid test (NATS).
Antibody tests detects the presence of anti bodies, proteins. Most HIV tests including most rapid tests and home tests, are antibody test. It can take 3 to 12 weeks for a person’s body to make enough antibodies for an antibody test to detect HIV infection.
Combination or fourth generation tests look for both HIV antibodies and antigens. Antigens are a part of the virus itself and are present during acute HIV infection. It can take 2 to 6 weeks for a person’s body to make enough antigens and antibodies for a combination test to detect HIV.
NATS detect HIV fastest by looking for HIV in the blood. It can take 2 to 7 to 28 days for NATS to detect HIV. This test is very expensive and is not routinely used for HIV screening unless the person recently had a high risk exposure or a possible exposure with early symptoms of HIV infection.
5) Be Active
Exercise and physical activity can help you stay fit and strong, you don’t have to go to a gym to exercise. Talk to your health care provider about safe ways that you can be active.
Odedoyin Beulah Oladunsin